The side edges are known as the selvages ; the word derives from "self-edges", meaning that the stitches do not need to be secured by anything else. It can also be French Terry.
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For full disclosures please see the About page. Need more creative ideas? Sign-up for our newsletter today! Skip to primary navigation Skip to content Skip to primary sidebar Skip to footer You are here: This post is a part of a month long series on sewing with knit fabrics that you will find here during March.
More details on this series will be shared here tomorrow. When out shopping for clothing you may notice that so many easy to wear and stylish fashions are made with knit fabrics. There is a wide range of knit fabrics available that are perfect for sewing up many different everyday wardrobe items. T-shirts, sweaters, hoodies, dresses, tops, pants, bathing suits… even underwear! To get you started we have a put together a breakdown of the main knit fabric types and the best uses for them. Cotton jersey blend knit fabrics with polyester or rayon are very popular knits as they provide a more fluid drape and added stretch, making them suitable for a wider range of uses like tops, dresses, and more!
Cotton spandex knit fabrics also come in blends with rayon and other fibers that allow for a looser, drapey hand and stretch that allows for a more wide range use in apparel and accessories.
Ribbed knits have wales or vertical rows of stitches that form ribs on both the face and the back of the fabric making both sides appear the same.
Rib knits are also popular for use in infant wear and tops and dresses. French terry knit fabrics have a regular smooth jersey top side with a varying loop piling on the back from long in length to very short.
Cozy and soft, sweatshirt knit fabric is a sturdy fabric with a smooth knit top side and a brushed soft fleecy wrong side. Sweatshirt knits are great for the traditional hoodie or sweatshirt tops, and are also good for sweat pants and jogging bottoms and shorts for both adults and children.
Sweater knits, also known as Hacci, have a more loopy, open-knit texture than regular cotton knit fabrics and are usually made of blends of cotton and wool, polyester, or spandex. They are wrinkle resistant and sew up just like regular knits! The perfect knit fabric for making sweaters or cardigans, and trendy flowey tops and dresses.
When you think swimwear and activewear applications Lycra or Nylon spandex are the knits you want to use!
Usually found with a nylon, rayon, spandex type of content these knits have a very smooth hand and a four way stretch. Also a great fabric for making yoga pants, dresses, tops, dance wear and much more! Ponte De Roma Knits:: Ponte de Roma knit fabrics are a double knit fabrics usually made of a cotton, rayon, spandex blend of fibers.
Ponte knits are stable, easy to sew knits as they are a good weight, resist wrinkles and creases, and have a soft hand and good stretch. Great for many different types of seasonless applications including jackets, tops, bottoms, dresses, skirts and more!
There are a lot of different types of knit that are suitable for more specialty types of uses just as vegan leather, lace, techno scuba, stretch knit denim, stretch denim, twill, and many more. These fabrics all have different fiber contents that give them the characteristics you need to sew up items such as jackets, jeans, and other specialty items. Just check the pattern instructions to determine the type of fabric you need, and most importantly if you want to use a specialty knit test the stretch and make sure it will work for your pattern!
In case of weft knitted fabrics, structural threads of the fabric is run along with the length of the fabric which is approximately parallel with the fabric selvedge. Here, one horizontal row of loops or course is made from many threads and in this way warp knitted fabric is formed. This types of fabrics is not widely used in knit garments as weft knitted fabrics. In case of crochet fabrics, construction is completely different with warp and weft knitted fabrics.
Here, one thread is used which chains upon itself and cross-link are formed with previously formed chain to produce crochet fabrics. There are different types of knitted fabrics, which are vastly used in T-Shirt or polo shirt manufacturing has mentioned in the below with correct fabric image.
Cotton single jersey fabric. Burn out single jersey fabric. Grey melange slub fabric. Frence terry fabric inside brushed. Micro or baby terry.
You may follow List of Top 50 Mens Clothing Brands in the World. Classifications of Knit Fabric: Basically knit fabrics are three types, those are-Weft knitted fabrics, Warp knitted fabrics, Crochet fabrics. Fabrics in this list include fabrics that are woven, non-woven, as well as knitted fabrics and netting fabrics, and technical fabrics (such as Gore-Tex and Gannex. Knit fabrics are made of a combination of knit and purl stitches. The basic difference between those is whether the yarn is carried from stitch to stitch on the right or wrong side of the fabric. For knit stitches the yarn is carried on the back side. With purl stitches the yarn is carried on the front side.